'Ancient monuments and antiquities are one of the precious gifts passed on to us by our ancestors and thus, it not only happens to be our karma but it is also our dharma to keep them protected and conserved'.


Virudhaka, a descendant of Okkaka (i.e. Ikshvaku), was a king of Saketa. According to Pali texts he had five queens and by the chief queen he had four sons and five daughters. The king married a second time after the death of the first spouse. The subsequent queen extorted from him the promise to place her son upon the throne. The king had to yield to the wishes of his better half for the banishment of other children. The children by the first queen were, therefore, forced to leave the state. After banishment they wandered in a northerly direction and reached a desolate spot, where Brahman saint Kapila was residing in a hut. The place was located on the bank of a tank and on the slope of Himalayan ranges. They settled in the sala forest on advice of sage Kapila near his hermitage. The site was gradually developed as a prosperous kingdom and given the name of Kapilavastu, Kapila, the saint and vastu means building or city in sanskrit. So far as the source of the name of the community Sakya is concerned, there are two theories. According to one the Brahman Kapila was residing in a grove of Saka (Sala) trees viz., Sakasanda or Sakavanasanda. The name Sakya was derived from the grove of trees which the children occupied. The other theory is much more interesting. In order to maintain the purity of their blood and race the four exiled princes were married with their four sisters excepting the eldest one who later appointed as queen mother. Thus the endogamous tribe came to be known as Sakyas.

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